Origin of Electric Vehicles And Their Prospects In Current Scenario

An electric vehicle also known by the name of electric drive vehicle is a type of vehicle that makes use of electric motors for impulsion. This form of vehicle came into existence in the mid nineteenth century. At that time it was a preferable mode of travelling. People were fond of the comfort and ease to handle this form of vehicle that was not achieved by gasoline motor vehicle at that time. Electric cars, trains, electric aeroplanes, boats, motorcycles, lorries, scooters and spacecraft mobile vehicles are some of the standard electric vehicles.

There are many pros and cons of electric vehicles. Though, with the gradual decline in the level of gasoline resources and fossil fuels, electricity has once again taken the limelight to propel vehicles. The electric vehicles differ from traditional motor vehicles in a form that they are operated by electricity. There are broader methods of producing electricity, for example it can be generated by fossil fuels, wind energy, solar energy, tidal power, nuclear energy or by combination of any of them. The energy produced can then be used in the vehicles with the help of overhead lines, inductive charging mode or by making a direct connection with the help of electric cables. The electric energy is then stored in the vehicles in batteries, supercapicitors or flywheels.

Toyota Prius has launched a hybrid electric-gasoline vehicle in the year 2003. It was the first electric vehicle of its type at that time. There are several other auto companies which are looking to experiment in the upcoming years as well after its success.

Electrifying Facts on Electric Vehicle Conversion – All You Need to Know

Right now, with the gas at prices that we have never seen before, many people are looking for ways to cut down on gas consumption and there are some people who are looking at ways to avoid using gas at all. They are researching electric vehicle conversion which is converting a car or small truck to run on electricity instead of gas. There are many benefits to having vehicle that runs on just electric but an electric vehicle conversion is no simple task. The benefits for the vehicle are, smooth running, low maintenance, low vibration, economical, and totally convenient. An electric vehicle conversion is complicated. As well as no longer using gas the vehicle will no longer use oil, an exhaust, belts, hoses, water pump, coolant, radiator, spark plugs, plug wires, and injectors. So this is not a job that should be undertaken by an amateur.

If you are a mechanic who knows what they are doing, the electric vehicle conversion can be done in your own garage, with few specialist tools. The materials needed for the electric vehicle conversion is of course the electric motor, the motor mount, motor controller, speed controller, system control box, high current shunt, high current fuse, high current circuit breaker, current meter, voltmeter, clutch plate hub adapter, main battery bank, 12V battery charger, 6V golf cart batteries (common choice), battery rack, cable terminal lugs, along with a vacuum pump and switch kit for the brakes.

Other materials for the electric vehicle conversion will include any kind of framework that you would want to use to house the batteries that are needed to run the vehicle. Cars that are most commonly used used in electric vehicle conversion are the Chevy S10, Dodge Colt, Daytona Ford Escort, Porsche 914, Honda Civic, Mazda B2000 pickup, Datsun pickup, Plymouth Sundance, Pontiac Fiero, Suzuki Samurai, Toyota pickup, and Volkswagen Beetles.

The cost of the electric vehicle conversion will vary and depend greatly on the vehicle that is going to be converted. This can range from $6500 and $9500 dollars and that estimate does not include the cost of the vehicle itself.

Depending on the size of the vehicle and the number of batteries that are used in the conversion, the distance the vehicle can drive on one charge will vary accordingly. The general Chevy S10 which has 16 six-volt batteries and weighs a total of 3700 pounds, will go about 35 miles on a full charge. If you have more batteries on a lighter car, then you will be able to go much further on a single charge.

The weight of the vehicle will also factor on how fast the vehicle will be able to go. The lighter the car and more batteries, the faster it can go. Historically electrically converted cars were slow but now they can achieve speeds of 60 to 80 mph.

Deciding on whether this option is right for you really depends on your mileage, how long you intend to keep you vehicle, and of course your commitment to the environment. Hopefully i’ve sparked enough interest for you to want to find out more.

Eliminate Chronic Car Problems With Electric Vehicle Conversions

Regardless of where you travel to in Australia, you will always be putting miles on your car. Unfortunately, the parts used in high performance engines found in modern cars wear out much faster than the ones used years ago. For example, the fuel pump in modern cars often dies out after 60,000 to 90,000 Km of travel. If you check your warranty information, you will most likely find that the fuel pump is not covered after 60,000 Km, even on an extended warranty plan. If your odometer reading is approaching this number, electric vehicle conversions may represent a cost effective way to get out of chronic expenses associated with a high mileage vehicle.

Critical Car Parts and High Compression Engine Wear

Not so long ago, fuel pumps were one of the easiest things on a car to replace. All you really needed to do was search around near the carburetor, take the old pump out, and then put the new one in. Typically, it was a job you could accomplish in under an hour, right in your own back yard. At the same time, fuel pumps tended to cost well under 100.00.

By contrast, today’s vehicles use fuel injectors that require a very high compression ratio from the fuel pump. This type of pump is almost always housed in the fuel tank. They also cost several hundred dollars per unit. In order to replace the pump, you will need to take out the fuel tank, and then hope the mechanic will not damage the neck of the tank while removing the old pump. Because it tends to be a difficult job, you may wind up paying well over $1500.00 to have a new pump installed. On top of that, if they do damage the gas tank, you may wind up spending an additional $1000.00 to solve that problem.

Once the fuel pump is replaced, it can significantly alter the electrical system of the vehicle. For example, a number of cars and trucks develop computer problems, as well as a tendency to die out randomly once the new fuel pump is installed. Electric cars are virtually maintenance free. Electric vehicle conversions are worth exploring, and much safer in this type of situation. At the very least, you won’t have to worry about the motor dieing at an inconvenient time.

While you may not be aware of it, compression gaskets, valves, fuel injectors, and engine heads wear out faster when exposed to higher combustion temperatures and compression ratios. No matter how well you maintain and service your vehicle, it will not change this aspect of modern engine performance. Once your car passes the 100,000 Km mark, the best of the engine and transmission lifespan will be used up. Perhaps this is one of the reasons why very few manufacturers will guarantee a vehicle engine and transmission past 100,000 Km. Under these conditions, electric vehicle conversions offer a viable, safer, and cheaper alternative to help you maintain reliable transportation.

Deep Engine Computer Problems and Internal Combustion Engines

Even though the computer modules in your car are often housed in easy to reach places, they obtain data from sensors deep within the engine. For example, oxygen sensors may be positioned within the cylinder head. There are also some sensors that may be housed deep in the engine block. In some cases, these sensors monitor the flow of oil and coolants through the block. Once these sensors malfunction, they can cause piston heads to seize up, as well as ruin other critical parts of the main engine. At the same time, replacing these sensors may cost several thousand dollars if the engine has to be taken out, or the warranty on the electrical system is up.

Therefore, when the fuel pump causes changes in the electrical system, it can have hidden consequences. As with other electrical devices, when a new component is added, it can disrupt the pattern, and lead to serious consequences. When you make use of electric vehicle conversions, you will not need to worry about disrupting the electrical harness or the engine sensors. In fact, you will no longer need to worry about an engine block at all. Instead, your vehicle will run on a nice, quiet electrical motor that requires very little in the way of maintenance.

The Best Cars for Electric Fuel Conversions

If you buy a used car, you will always worry about repairs if you do not take steps to change the engine, transmission, and fuel pump. That said, if another used car is in better shape than the one you have now, you can always see about getting an electric car conversion in the near future. At the very least, you can have peace of mind knowing that you will get many years of trouble free driving out of it.

People that own cars today do not realize they could have a financial time bomb sitting on their hands. Regardless of whether the fuel pump dies in the middle of traffic, or the engine gaskets blows, it will cost you to have the vehicle repaired. When you are under pressure to get your car back as quickly as possible, you will most likely go on paying bigger repair bills, rather than evaluate the expanded benefits associated with electric vehicle conversions. Take the time now to evaluate your financial commitment to owning a petrol car. Switching to all electric is easier than you realize.

Today, electric vehicle conversions are available right here in Australia. You can easily extend the life of your current vehicle, and help do your part in providing for a cleaner more sustainable future, especially in your part of the world. When it comes right down to it, if you own a car or two, the best thing you can do is look into electric vehicle conversions today.

EV Basics IV – Electric Vehicles and the Environment

Important Acronyms:

BEV: Battery Electric Vehicle – A vehicle powered exclusive from energy stored in its battery pack.

CO2 = Carbon Dioxide – A type of “Greenhouse” gas emitted by cars and power plants. CO2 emissions have been identified as a major cause of global warming.

EV: Electric Vehicle – Any vehicle that uses electricity to provide some or all of the power to its wheels.

ICE: Internal Combustion Engine – The smog-belching, globe-warming automobile power plants used in the dark ages of the 20th Century.

NOx: Nitrogen Oxides – Chemicals which create smog and other health hazards.

In previous articles in the EV Basics series, I have touched on the environmental benefits of driving an EV. Now, it is time to look at these benefits in more detail. Recently, some readers may have noticed a well-organized media campaign trying to discredit EVs. Most of the anti-EV sentiments sound like this, “A car has to get its energy from somewhere, doesn’t it? What difference does it make if it gets it from a gas tank or a battery pack?” These are valid questions. I will answer them by explaining why EVs produce less smog, fewer greenhouse gases and use less energy overall than their ICE-powered counterparts. By the end of this article, readers should understand why it is better for the environment to power cars with electricity from the grid instead of gasoline made from oil.

If we generated all of our electricity through renewable sources such as wind or solar power, driving EVs would produce no smog-forming pollutants such as NOx. However, our utility grid currently gets power from a variety of sources, most of which produce NOx and other pollutants which can create health hazards for local communities. How much pollution do power plants create, compared to tailpipe exhaust from ICE-powered vehicles? According to research compiled by Sherry Boschert, author of the book, Plug-in Hybrids: The Cars that Will Recharge America, use of EVs would reduce the amount of NOx generated by automobiles somewhere between 32 and 99%. Different studies have arrived at different figures, but virtually all agree that the reduction in NOx and other local pollutants would be significant. The total amount of pollution reduction for any location would depend on the local power plants. Areas with cleaner power plants would decrease overall pollution more than areas with dirty plants. However, nearly all urban areas would see a major improvement in local air quality because power plants are generally located far away from population centers while tail pipes produce smog right where we live and work.

Greenhouse gases, on the other hand, are a serious problem whether they are produced next door or on the other side of the globe. EVs can reduce this burden on the environment as well. As is the case for smog-forming pollutants, an EV would produce absolutely no greenhouse gases if it were charged from a grid that was fueled by power plants which produced no greenhouse gases. However, EVs produce far fewer greenhouse gases even when charged by today’s old-fashioned grid. In his research paper entitled Debunking the Myth of EVs and Smokestacks, Chip Gribben concludes that EVs charging exclusively from power generated by old-fashioned, coal-burning plants would still reduce CO2 emissions by 17 to 22% relative to ICE-powered cars. In areas where the grid is relatively “clean,” such as California and Arizona, EVs would reduce automobile-related greenhouse gas emissions by 71% or more.

Many people believe that the most important oil-related global disaster will occur when oil runs out. Clearly, there is only so much oil we can pull out of the ground (or the tar sands, oil shale, etc.). If we do not have a suitable replacement for oil in place by the time it becomes impossibly rare and expensive, society could collapse completely. EVs help on this front in two ways. Gribben concludes that EVs charged from the grid use energy twice as efficiently as do ICEs fueled using the current oil/gasoline infrastructure. Since they are twice as efficient, EVs use half as much fossil fuel to get the same distance, assuming a grid that is supplied exclusively by fossil-fuel burning power plants. So we may conclude that EVs would allow humanity to “stretch out” our finite oil supply and get as much “mileage” as possible out of the available oil (pun intended!).

At the same time, switching to EVs would allow us to power our cars from a more flexible energy source, the power grid. Paul Scott, co-founder of the EV advocacy group Plug-In America, tells audiences, “Get all your cars on the grid, then clean up the grid!” If we start switching our cars to grid power right now, then they will benefit directly from advancements and improvements in renewable power generation. As fossil fuels become scarcer and more expensive, power plants using alternative energy sources will fuel an increasing percentage of our grid power demand. If we are using EVs as this transition occurs, we can keep driving along without having to rebuild our transportation infrastructure. When fossil fuels run out completely, we will be ready!

One last quote, this one by the rap group, Public Enemy, “Don’t believe the hype!” The oil industry has unimaginable amounts of money at its disposal. When they spend a tiny portion of their profits trying to create the illusion that EVs are just as bad for the environment as ICE-powered cars, countless media outlets pick up their stories. When they try to discredit the scientific community’s conclusion that our cars are dangerously warming the globe, millions of people take them seriously. It is up to every person who cares about our planet to counter any these misinformation campaigns. It is up to you to spread the truth about EVs to people who have been inundated by oil industry propaganda. Now go out there and start setting people straight.